Published: 10 May 2022
Performance Testing Metrics – A Detailed Guide for Businesses
Last Updated: 27 Oct 2023
For today’s business-critical apps/websites, performance is an essential factor that determines its success in enabling a seamless user experience (UX). These business apps should be free from all performance bottlenecks such as slow loading speed, frequent time out/crashes, delayed response times, etc. It is also critical that the web apps/mobile apps be scalable, reliable, and robust to deliver effective end-user performance. Therefore, to ensure business-critical apps perform seamlessly, it is essential to measure performance testing metrics.
- What is performance testing?
- An overview of performance testing metrics
- What is the need for performance testing metrics?
- Important performance testing metrics
- Performance testing metrics categories
- Some important performance automation testing tools
- How can we help businesses fine-tune apps/systems leveraging our performance testing accelerator Tx-PEARS?
What is performance testing?
Performance testing is a non-functional software testing method used to check the speed, scalability, reliability, responsiveness, and performance of an app/website. Various performance testing methods include a spike, volume, endurance, stress, load, etc. These performance testing types help determine the app performance under fluctuating networks, varying user loads, varying bandwidths, etc. During performance testing, certain key performance indicators (KPIs), also known as performance testing metrics, are used to measure the effectiveness of this testing method. These KPIs define the effectiveness of the performance tests for businesses.
An overview of performance testing metrics
Performance testing metrics are the measures or parameters gathered during the performance and load testing processes. With the help of these metrics, performance test engineers or UAT teams determine the success of the performance testing process and further identify the critical areas in the software that needs more attention/improvement.
What is the need for performance testing metrics?
• Reflects current performance of the application, infrastructure, and network
• Compares the test results and helps to analyze the impact of code changes
• Determines the success of the overall performance testing process
• Enables QA teams to make informed decisions and improve the quality of software
Important performance testing metrics
It is the percentage of CPU capacity utilized in processing the requests.
This metric measures the utilization of the primary memory of the computer while processing any work requests.
It is the total time between sending the request and receiving the response. Better the response time, better the performance of website/application.
Average load time:
This metric measures the time taken by a webpage to complete the loading process and appear on the user screen.
It measures the number of transactions an application can handle in a second, or in other words, it is the rate at which a network or computer receives the requests per second.
Average latency/Wait time:
It is the time spent by a request in a queue before getting processed.
It is the measurement of the volume of data transferred per second.
Requests per second:
This metric refers to the number of requests handled by the application per second.
It is the percentage of requests resulting in errors compared to the total number of requests.
It is the percentage of passed/failed transactions against the total number of transactions.
Performance testing metrics categories
1. Client-side performance testing metrics:
|Time To First Byte (TTFB)
||It measures the web server’s responsiveness and is the total duration starting from the user making an HTTP request to the first byte of the page received by the client’s browser.
||It is the overall size of a particular webpage
|Time to Interact
||It is the time taken by a website to become fully interactive
|Time to Render
||It is the amount of time taken by a web page to load or reload
||It measures how quickly the content is displayed during page load
||It is the average amount of time a page takes to show up on your screen.
||It is the difference between essential information in a chunk of data and the information used to support it.
Most commonly used client-side performance testing tools:
||Google Pagespeed Insights is an open-source and free tool that helps you find and fix issues that slows your web application performance. This tool is used to analyze the content of a web page and provides page speed scores for mobile and desktop web pages.
||Google Lighthouse is an open-source and automated tool used or improving the quality of web pages. It can be against any web page, public or that which requires authentication.
||It is a website performance testing and monitoring tool. It analyses the page speed & performance and provides recommendations to fix those issues.
||It is an open-source performance testing tool that analyzes websites and gives suggestions to improve their performance.
2. Server-side performance testing metrics:
The performance of the server directly affects the performance of an application. Therefore, it is essential to measure the performance of servers leveraging server performance monitoring metrics. Some of the key server performance monitoring metrics are:
|Requests per Second (RPS)
||It is the number of requests an information retrieval system such as a search engine handles in one second.
||It is the overall size of a particular webpage
||It is the percentage of requests resulting in errors compared to the total number of requests.
||It is the number of concurrent requests that the server receives at a particular time.
|Peak Response Time
||It measures the roundtrip of a request/response cycle but focuses on the longest cycle rather than taking an average.
||It measures the number of requests an application can handle in a second.
|| It is the maximum data capacity that can be transferred over a network in one second.
Most commonly used server-side performance monitoring tools:
||It is a Software as a Service (SaaS) offering that focuses on performance and availability monitoring. It uses a standardized Apdex (application performance index) score to set and rate application performance across the environment in a unified manner.
||It is an application performance management solution that provides the required metrics of server monitoring tools and also comes with the troubleshooting capabilities of APM software.
||It is a performance monitoring and analytics tool that helps IT and DevOps teams determine performance metrics.
|SolarWinds NPA and DPA
||SolarWinds Network Performance Monitor (NPM) is an affordable and easy-to-use performance testing tool that delivers real-time views and dashboards. This tool also helps to track and monitor network performance at a glance visually. SolarWinds Database Performance Analyzer (DPA) is an automation tool that is used to monitor, diagnose, and resolve performance problems for various types of database instances, both self-managed and in the cloud
||This performance monitoring tool is used to monitor the entire infrastructure, including hosts, processes, and networks. It enables log monitoring and can also be used to view information such as network total traffic, CPU usage, response time, etc.
Some important performance automation testing tools
It is an open-source performance and load testing tool used to measure the performance of applications and software. JMeter simulates a heavy load on the server and creates multiple simultaneous virtual users on a webserver to enable effective load testing. It can be used to effectively track, interpret, and analyze the performance testing results. Some of the key metrics of JMeter are Elapsed Time, Latency, Connect Time, Median, 90% Line (90th Percentile), Standard Deviation, Thread Name, Throughput, etc.
It is an easy-to-use performance testing tool and provides insights into vital performance testing metrics for organizations. LoadView allows the user to view test execution in real-time to see a graphical representation of the execution plan, average response times, and errors. It provides detailed level statics, including key performance testing metrics such as maximum, actual, and expected number of virtual users, the average response time of transactions, number of sessions, session errors, load injector CPU usage, DNS Time, Connect Time, SSL Time, etc.
It is a cloud-based load testing and performance testing platform. LoadNinja produces intelligent and accurate data that helps analyze the performance of websites, web applications, and APIs in real-time using accurate browser-based metrics. Some of the key metrics of LoadNinja include Virtual users, 90th Percentile Duration, 95th Percentile Duration, Standard Deviations, Total Iterations, Total Timeouts, Total Page errors, etc.
Performance testing is a non-functional software testing method used to check software’s speed, scalability, reliability, and responsiveness. For businesses to know the effectiveness of performance testing within the enterprise, certain performance testing metrics should be known. These metrics help determine the success and the progress of the performance testing process. Typically, effective tracking of performance testing metrics helps improve the software’s performance and quality. Leverage performance testing from a next-gen QA and independent software testing company for effective performance and load testing services and get high-performing, high-quality, scalable, and robust software.
How can we help businesses fine-tune apps/systems leveraging our performance testing accelerator Tx-PEARS?
It is an in-house developed robust framework that helps with all your non-functional testing requirements, including continuous monitoring of your infrastructure in production and in lower environments. A consolidated platform to perform security, performance, and accessibility testing to deliver scalable, robust, reliable, and accessible apps to all
This tool can be leveraged to fine-tune your app’s performance effectively:
• Ensures to deliver quality products with effective non-functional testing services enabled through a single framework
• It provides actionable tuning recommendations to the development team which need to be implemented to get high app performance
• Through Tx- PEARS, detailed insights into the performance bottlenecks at the application server, web server, and database server level are identified
• Through Tx-Pears overall lifecycle of the identified performance issues can be improved
• Detailed reports are delivered to the clients and stakeholders to gather actionable insights