31 Jan 2019
18 Jun 2018
User acceptance testing (UAT) is the most crucial phase in the software development lifecycle. It ensures the new system or process meets the user requirements. It is crucial to get the application through the user acceptance tests as it is the last quality gate validates product quality, accuracy, and compliance before its deployment into production. A successful UAT is crucial for deploying systems with no errors and business risks. However, implementing UAT in an agile environment might lead to frequent and reduced cycles of testing. This mandates UAT testers to develop skills of optimized testing techniques, automation and work in collaboration with the development and QA teams.
Therefore, a user acceptance test is an important and final phase to test business processes executed in the application or software finally.
Objectives of UAT:
– Verify system set-up for transactions and user access
– Confirm use of system in executing business processes
– Validate performance on business-critical functions
– Verify integrity of converted and additional data
– Evaluate and sign off go-live readiness
Each user acceptance test differs depending on which business process is being tested. At-large, however, UAT will involve these activities:
Role of QA Teams in User Acceptance Testing
User Acceptance Testing is generally a “black box” testing. In other terms, the emphasis is on the functionality and the usability of the application rather than the technical aspects. The User Acceptance Testing is the last Quality Assurance effort before the release of the application. It is carried out in an environment that closely resembles the real world or production environment.
In most organizations, user acceptance testing is carried out by business users. It represents a cross-section of users to test the new application using real-world scenarios. As this testing is a fundamental check of software quality, special care must be given to establishing a proper UAT environment and approach.
If we talk about the bigger picture of quality initiatives, UAT is an important element in any Quality Assurance program. To get the optimum results from the UAT process, it is advisable to designate the task to an experienced QA team.
Tasks Performed By the QA Team for a Successful UAT Process
1. Setting up tools – Test data and defect management tools
2. Setting up roles and responsibilities of business users in the tools
3. Developing test cases and the UAT Runbook
4. Setting up Test Data in the test environment
5. Training business users on how to execute Test Cases and log defects
6. Retesting and regression testing of defects found during UAT
An application is considered to be infallible once it passes the quality assurance test. However, User Acceptance Testing has an equal and major role to play. Quality assurance testing tests a software solution in a defined environment; which might catch any technical faults. User acceptance testing provides the beneficial role of certifying that the product actually works appropriately on the field. Hence, it often has a different focus from quality assurance, as the emphasis is more towards validating business requirements than technical implementation.
Generally, UAT is performed by business users who lack basic testing knowledge. Businesses that have suffered huge losses due to post-release issues, know the significance of successful User Acceptance Testing. The cost of fixing defects after its release is way greater than fixing it before. Hence, outsourcing this process to an experienced software testing provider can help organizations to release a foolproof application to the market. TestingXperts, with its comprehensive QA and software testing experience, has domain SMEs capable of providing UAT solutions to the clients. Also, we have a specific training program for the business users for helping them in setting up the process efficiently. Connect with us to know more on how we can collaborate with your teams to help them build an efficient UAT process.