Published: 02 Apr 2020
Automated Software Testing – What, Why, Tools, Challenges
Last Updated: 24 Jun 2021
With the stiff business competition existing today, enterprises need faster releases and quality software to meet the increasing demand of their services and products. They are embracing agile and DevOps practices by leveraging automated testing software to achieve faster releases and quality products along with achieving quicker return on investment.
1. What is Automated Software Testing?
2. Why Automated Software Testing is important?
3. What are the benefits of Automated Software Testing?
4. How does Automated Testing work?
5. What are the most commonly used Automated Testing Tools?
6. What are the Common Challenges in Automated Testing?
Automated Testing Software is the methodology that helps to validate the functioning of the software before it is moved to production. In this process, automated testing tools are used by the QA teams for executing the test scripts.
With the use of automated software testing tools, QA teams can quickly test the software, prepare the defect reports, and compare the software results with the expected results. Also, this automated testing process provides several benefits such as faster delivery, eases regression testing time and also ensures quality software along with reducing manual testing efforts.
Thus, the QA teams can function faster and help to push the software to production quickly as per the given timelines as automated testing ensures faster and quality releases leveraging automated testing tools.
As mentioned above, the automated software testing uses open source and paid test automation tools to test applications quickly and more efficiently 24×7 without any human intervention. It takes up different testing approaches and replaces several tasks of manual testers and ensures to improve the overall test coverage effectively.
Within this software testing type, pre-written scripts are tested to ensure quality software is released. Thus, it plays an important role for delivering quality software at a faster speed and essentially reduces the regression testing time.
Therefore, this automated software testing method is important as it helps QA teams to re-check and validate the outcomes quickly and more effectively with less human effort.
This process also ensures the developed software application is flawless and performs well under all conditions. Thus, evidently, by embracing the automated software testing method, enterprises get many benefits which have been detailed below.
The benefits have been broadly classified as Application-Wise benefits and Cost-wise benefits.
This method of automated software testing helps to perform a more number automated test scripts and increases the test coverage and the scope of tests to enhance the quality of the application. It also helps in saving time and significantly reduces manual testing efforts.
Manual testing involves human intervention and this may have chances for some un-notified errors in the testing process. Manual test cycles might lead to errors, but with automated software testing tools, there is an assurance that the testing practice and validation of the application are performed with good accuracy as errors are identified at every phase.
Performing regression testing with manual methods takes a lot of time and human efforts which may also lead to a lot of unidentified bugs. The repetition of the same test cases over time and again might cause disinterest amongst the testers and may even reduce the overall testing efficiency. However, these can be resolved when automated regression testing is practised with testing tools and manual testers get time to be used for other quality works.
With automated software testing in use, it eases the tester’s efforts as the test scripts can be reused with some minor changes made in the test scripts. Also, these scripts can be used multiple times as they can be stored, and can be re-used for repeating the tests.
Automated testing as a service is effective to validate numerous complex scenarios as most of today’s applications are complex apps with smart and IoT connected devices. Automated testing with various types of test automation tools eases the testing process as the tools can be used to test irrespective of the time.
With automated app testing, enterprises can effectively save their budget as the test cases are run at a faster speed, defects are identified early and fixed before it is moved to production. Though the initial costs of automation are high, but when once the automated test framework is developed, it eases the testing tasks and remarkably saves the overall costs.
Every enterprise aims for achieving better returns from its investments. With the development of an effective test automation framework, returns are huge as testing is performed faster with the inbuilt features. Moreover, automation testing delivers faster and quality results, improves the time to market and finally ensures increased return on investment.
As tests are run automatically 24×7, automated software testing helps to save time. Moreover, with automated testing tools, manual scripts are automated and the regression testing time will be drastically reduced. This eventually leads to saving the delivery time of the application and largely saves a lot of manual efforts and saves time.
Any organization that wants to implement automation testing follows a testing framework approach. The most favoured testing frameworks are keyword-driven framework, data-driven framework, linear scripting framework and modular testing framework.
To test small applications, a linear scripting framework is used, because it uses test scripts that don’t require much planning and also do not support reusable scripts.
When it comes to a modular testing framework, a software tester develops test scripts to perform small, independent tests in order to reduce redundancy.
Data-driven frameworks enable software testers to develop test scripts that are able to work for multiple data sets. This framework offers wide quality coverage with fewer tests.
Keyword-driven frameworks are worked out using table formats to define keywords for each function and execution method. Those software testers who don’t have in-depth knowledge of programming can use keywords to develop test scripts.
The most popular test automation tools which are open-source are Selenium 4, Robotium and Cypress. Selenium can automate and run tests across various web browsers and also works well with popular programming languages such as C#, Java and Python. Robotium is best used for user acceptance, function and system tests for android devices. End-to-end testing, integration and unit tests work perfectly well with the Cypress tool.
Eggplant is an effective functional automated testing tool that uses sophisticated image and text search algorithms to locate objects on the screen. It is the only automated testing tool that dynamically tests the single source of truth for the user experience (UI). It can be used with various types of applications such as web, mobile and thick client based enterprise apps. It provides developers and testers with software to create, schedule and execute automated testing and also supports debugging tasks on many mobile platforms.
Katalon studio is an open-source test automation tool used for mobile and web applications. It is a package of powerful features effectively used to overcome the challenges faced in web UI automation testing. Some of the other features are its support for image-based testing and supports scripting languages like Java, Groovy, etc.
Selenium is available as an open-source tool and is a publicly accessible and most popular automated testing framework used for performing web application testing across different platforms and browsers. Testers can write test cases by using various programming languages such as PHP, C#, Ruby, Python, Perl, Java, etc.
Every selenium supported language has dedicated automated test frameworks that help in writing test scripts for selenium automation. The other most useful feature with selenium framework is that there is no explicit need to rewrite the test scripts separately for each of the browsers, and a single script holds good for all.
This is an AI-driven test automation tool that uses simple English language to automate complex tests. This tool is used to automate web, mobile and API services and is best suited for smart automation initiatives of enterprises. It is best suited for today’s agile and DevOps methodologies to support continuous integration and continuous delivery needs of businesses.
Tricentis Tosca is more commonly used automated testing tool that supports end-to-end testing of software applications. It is used to automate multiple aspects of software testing which includes designing test cases, performing test automation, designing test data and test data generation along with enabling analytics to test graphical user interfaces (GUI) and application programming interfaces (API). It provides comprehensive test management for software applications and many businesses use it as an effective automated testing tool.
It is HP Unified Functional Testing tool that has been widely in use as an effective test automation tool. IT was earlier named as QuickTest Professional (QTP). It is primarily used for functional, and regression testing and it has a powerful automated testing framework and it is a licensed tool and it supports only VB Script.
For the success of test automation in agile and DevOps practices, there should be proper and effective communication between the QA, developers and operations teams to ensure faster releases and at the same time ensure test automation success.
For any automated testing to be successful, it is essential to select the right automated testing tool based on the application under test. As there are many open source and paid automation testing tools available, businesses can select the tool based on the application separately for web, mobile, and for API’s testing.
Not only should QA choose the right test automation tool, but should also follow test automation challenges and best practices to ensure its success. The QA team should properly plan and adopt an approach that best suites agile and DevOps methodologies where the application under test often changes during the development cycles. Thus, a proper test automation approach if chosen ensures successful test automation efforts.
It is essential for the QA to think and analyse the cases that can be automated. Automation works the best when testers know which are the cases to automate and which should not be automated. Moreover, it is also important that the test cases chosen for automation should effectively represent an important portion of user activity.
Enterprises and businesses continue to demand for faster releases and quality products. Software testing plays an important role in enabling quality products. It is essential to test the applications early to identify the bugs and ensure the delivery timelines are met. Though manual testing has been on demand since inception, but now with complex applications and connected devices in place, automated software testing is an effective practice being used for improving the test efficiency and test coverage.
Enterprises should embrace automated software testing solutions to take the complete benefits it delivers such as increases the delivery speed with faster releases, frees up manual testers from performing repetitive tasks, reduces regression testing time, and can be used 24×7 to achieve quality.
Hence, in order to achieve all these benefits of automation testing, leverage a next-gen testing service provider. Opting services from independent software testing service providers will help to perform effective automated software testing, and ensures faster releases along with quality. Talk to our experts for more details by filling the form below or email us at [email protected]
Ans. Automated testing is the process that helps to validate the functioning of the software. In this automated testing tools are used by the QA teams for executing the test scripts.
Ans. With the use of automated software testing tools, QA teams can quickly test the software, prepare the defect reports, and compare the software results wit
Ans. Automated software testing method is important as it helps QA teams to re-check and validate the outcomes quickly and more effectively with less human effort.
Ans. Firstly, it is not usually possible, or necessarily desirable, to achieve 100% automated testing. Click here to read more.